General Characteristics of the DRC :
Situated in the heart of Africa, The DRC has a land area of 2,345,000 Km², which makes it the third largest country in Africa, after Algeria and Sudan.
On account of its regional location, The DRC is classified under Central Africa and forms part of both the Congo Basin and the Nile Basin.
The DRC is both equatorial and tropical and has a diversity of local ecology and climates due to a combination of several factors: Physiography,Temperature, rain fall, duration of seasons, impact of human activities on the natural environment and its position bestriding the Equator.
Annual rain fall ranges from 800 mm along the Atlantic coast through 2,200 mm in the central basin to 2,500 mm in the mountainous east of the country where it may even exceed 3,000 mm. Furthermore, three - quarters (3/4) of the territory is covered by a wide variety of forests, which constitute the natural habitat of rich flora and teeming wildlife.
The DRC IS ranked the first African country in terms of the vast expanse of its forests and conservation of the global environment.